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贵州省特岗教师招聘中学英语考试真题

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贵州省特岗教师招聘中学英语考试真题
第一部分:中学英语学科教学内容
说明:本部分测试考生对中学英语学科教学内容的掌握情况,本部分共21小题,共30分。分为四节。第一节:单项选择;第二节:翻译;第三节:完形填空;第四节:书面表达。
第一节:单项选择从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(共5小题:每小题1分,满分5分)
1.Advertisements give us__________about products, such as their prices and uses.
A. information
B. news
C. words
D. pictures
2.--Which shirt will you take, Betty?
--__________. The blue one is too long and the white one is too short.
A. Both
B. Neither
C. Either
D. None
3.During the last Paralympics, all the rooms in the Paralympic Village in Beijing are so designed that they are __________to the disabled.
A. accessible
B. available
C. convenient
D. valid
4.--Jerry and Lucy must both like movies. ! often meet them at the cinema.
 --__________ is Lucy, not Jerry, who likes movies.
 A. So
B. That
C. It
D. Such
5.Morn, have a rest please. You__________in the kitchen ever since you came home.
 A. had worked
B. were working
 C. have been working
D. would work
第二节:翻译把下面的句子翻译成英文。(共5小题;每小题l分.满分5分)
6.几经周折,我才在一家金矿找到一份工作。
7.那时这被认为是一次技术革命,也是我从事人工智能研究的开始。
8.到了这个时候,他的餐馆本该宾客盈门。
9.昨天我们见了面,我做自我介绍时,他靠得很近。
10.事实的经过是这样的。
第三节:完形填空阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
 Once there was a little girl who came to live in an orphanage (孤儿院). As Christmas time was drawing near, all of the other children 11 telling the little girl about the beautiful Christmas tree that would ap- pear in the hall downstairs on Christmas morning. After their usual 12, each child would be given their only Christmas gift, a small orange.
 The headmaster of the orphanage was very 13 with the kids. So on Christmas Eve, when he 14 the little girl slipping down the stairs to peek (偷看) at the much-heard-of Christmas tree, he 15 that the little girl would not receive her Christmas orange because she had been so curious as to disobey the rules.
 The little girl ran back to her room 16, crying at her terrible fate. The next morning as the other chil- dren were going down for breakfast, the little girl stayed in her bed. She couldn't 17 the thought of see- ing the others receive their gift while there would be 18 for her. Later, as the children came back up- stairs, the little girl was surprised to be handed a napkin (餐巾 ). As she carefully opened it, there, to her 19, was an orange all peeled and sectioned (分瓣). "How could this be?" she asked. Then, she real- ized that each child had taken one section from their orange for her so that she, too, would have a Christmas orange. What an example of the true meaning of Christmas those orphan children showed that morning ! How I 20 the world would show the same kind of concern for others, not only at Christmas, but throughout the year !
11.A. stopped
B. began
C. hated
D. avoided
12.A. breakfast
B. lunch
C. dinner
D. break
13.A. patient
B. satisfied
C. angry
D. strict
14.A. caught
B. took
C. held
D. kept
15.A. noticed
B. declared
C. explained
D. doubted
16. A. open-hearted
B. broken-hearted
C. light-hearted
D. warm-hearted
17.A. stand
B. understand
C. remember
D. find
18.A. some
B. none
C. many
D. one
19.A. surprise
B. regret
C. sorrow
D. anger
20.A. wonder
B. think
C. wish
D. feel
第四节:书面表达(1题,满分10分)
21.假如你叫李华,是南开中学的一名学生。最近你校在为一批来自加拿大的学生征寻住宿家庭,你有意申请。请根据下表提供的信息用英语给校长写封信,说明你申请的理由。
申请理由
住宿条件 宽敞,整洁,环境优美
语言优势  擅长英语,父母也懂英语,不会有交流困难
接待经验  上个月刚刚接待过两名美国学生
参观游览  父亲可驾车陪同参观附近的名胜
其他……(内容由考生自己添加)
注意:(1)文章必须包括所有要点。
(2)字数:100字左右。信的开头与结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Dear sir,I'm writing to request a valuable chance to be one of the host families for the Canadian students…
第二部分:高等学校对应于中学英语学科教学内容
说明:本部分测试考生对高等学校对应于中学英语学科教学内容的掌握情况,本部分共17小题,共30分,分为四节。第一节:单项选择;第二节:翻译;第三节:阅读理解;第四节:写作。
第一节:单项选择从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
22. As one of the best-known American authors of 20th century, Ernest Hemingway wrote all the following novels EXCEPT__________ .
 A. For Whom the Bell Tolls
B. The Green Hills of Africa
 C. The Sound and the Fury
D. The Old Man and the Sea
23. The period ranging from 1865 to 1914 has been referred to as __________in the literary history of the United States.
 A. the Age of Enlightenment
B. the Age of Romanticism
 C. New England Transcendentalism
D. the Age of Realism
24. The utterance "We are already working 25 hours a day, eight days a week." is in violation of the princi-ple of__________ .
 A. quality
B. manner
C. relation
D. quantity
25. The semantic components of the word "gentleman" can be written as__________ .
 A. [ +ANIMATE], [ +MALE], [ +HUMAN], [-ADULT]
B. [ +ANIMATE], [ +MALE], [ +HUMAN], [ +ADULT]
 C. [+ANIMATE], [-MALE], [+HUMAN], [-ADULT]
 D. [+ANIMATE], [-MALE], [+HUMAN], [+ADULT]
26. As a salesman, he works on a (an) __________ basis,taking 10% of everything he sells.
 A. salary
B. pension
C. commission
D. income
第二节:翻译把下面短文翻译成中文。(1小题;满分5分)
27. A police officer in a small town stopped a motorist who was speeding down Main Street. "But officer,"the man said, "I can explain." "' Just be quiet !" snapped the officer. "Or I'm going to let you cool off in jail until the chief gets back." "But officer, I just wanted to say..." "And I said KEEP QUIET! Now you're going to jail !" A few hours later, the officer checked up on his prisoner and said, "Lucky for you the chief is at his daughter's wedding. He'll be in a great mood when he gets here." "Don't count on it,"said the prisoner. "I'm the groom; he is my father-in-law."
第三节:阅读理解阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项。
(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
 In recent years, we have all watched the increasing commercialization of the campus. The numerous ad-vertising posters and the golden arches of fast food outlets may be an insult to our aesthetic sensibilities, but they are, arguably, no worse than ugly. Some of the other new features of commercialized campus life do, however, constitute a serious threat to things we rightly respect. "Privatization" and the "business model" are the potential menace.
 What do these notions mean? To me, they involve an increased dependence on industry and charitable actions for operating the university; an increased amount of our resources being directed to applied or so-called practical subjects, both in teaching and in research; a proprietary treatment of research results,with the commercial interest in secrecy overriding the public's interest in free, shared knowledge;and an attempt to run the university more like a business that treats industry and students as clients and ourselves as service providers with something to sell. We pay increasing attention to the immediate needs and demands of our "customers" and, as the old saying goes, "the customer is always right".
Privatization is particularly frightening from the point of view of public well-being. A researcher employed by a university-affiliated hospital in Canada, working under contract with a medicine-making company, made public her findings that a particular drug was harmful. This violated the terms of her contract, and so she was fired. Her dismissal caused a scandal, and she was subsequently restored to her previous position. The university and hospital in question are now working out something similar to tenure for hospital-based researchers and guidelines for contracts, so that more public exposure of privately funded research will become possible. This is a rare victory and a small step in the right direction, but the general trend is the other way. Thanks to profit-driven private funding, researchers are not only forced to keep valuable information secret, they are often contractually obliged to keep discovered dangers to public health under wraps, too. Of course, we must not be too naive about this.
Governments can unwisely insist on secrecy, too, as did the British Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries,and Food in the work they funded in connection with the bovine spongiform encephalopathy epidemic. This prevented others from reviewing the relevant data and pointing out that problems were more serious than government was letting on.
28. From the first paragraph we can learn that the campus life has become__________ .
A. more convenient
B. somewhat harmful
C. rather ugly
D. no more aesthetic than before
29. "Privatization" and the "business model" in this passage most probably mean__________ .
A. potential menace to life
B. new trend on campus
C. dependence on industry and charities
D. new features of campus life
30. The author believes that we should pay__________ .
A. due attention to the public interest in free, shared knowledge
B. little attention to applied subjects
C. considerable attention to the commercial interest in the secrecy of research results
D. more attention to the immediate needs and demands of our customers
31. The researcher mentioned in the third paragraph was fired because__________.
A. she worked for the rival of the company
B. she failed to keep her research results secret
C. she was committed to a contract with a company
D. she was obliged to keep her discoveries secret
32. It is implied in the passage that__________ .
A. the general public is too naive to accept the "privatization"
B. the notion that "the customer is always right" is out of date
C. it is a general trend that there will be more public disclosure of privately funded research
D. the bovine spongiform encephalopathy epidemic in Britain was more serious than what was disclosed
 (二)
 Justice in society must include both a fair trail to the accused and the selection of an appropriate punish-ment for those proven guilty. Because justice is regarded as one form of equality, we find in its earlier ex-pressions the idea of a punishment equal to the crime. Recorded in the Bible is the expression "an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth". That is, the individual who has done wrong has committed an offense against society. To make repayment for this offense, society must get equally balanced, which can be done only by imposing an equal injury upon him. This conception of deserved-punishment justice is reflected in many parts of the legal codes and procedures of modern times, which is illustrated when we demand the death penalty for a person who has committed murder. This philosophy of punishment was supported by the German idealist Hegel, who believed that society owed it to the criminal to put into operation a punishment equal to the crime he had committed. The criminal had by his own actions denied his true self and it is necessary to do some-thing that will eliminate this denial and restore the self that has been denied. To the murderer nothing less than giving up his own life will pay his debt. The demand for the death penalty is a right the state owes the criminal and it should not deny him what he deserves.
 Modern jurists have tried to replace deserved-punishment justice with the notion of corrective ( 改造式的)justice. The aim of the latter is not to abandon the concept of equality but to find a more adequate way to express it. It tries to preserve the idea of equal opportunity for each individual to realize the best that is in him. This does not mean that criminals will escape punishment or be quickly returned to take up careers of crime. It means that justice is to heal the individual, not simply to get with him. Therefore, his conviction of crime must not deprive him of the opportunity to make his way in the society of which he is a part.
33. According to the Bible, the concept of equality in justice means__________ .
 A. a criminal must be severely punished
 B. a criminal must be given a punishment that is exactly the same as the crime he has done
 C. a criminal must be given a punishment that he deserves
 D. a criminal must be pay for his crime with his eyes and teeth
34. The result of deserved-punishment justice is__________ .
 A. the criminal's winning of a true hfe
 B. the criminal's taking death penalty for the crime committed by him
 C. the criminal's denial of his true self
 D. the restoration of the criminal's guilty self to the self before the crime
35. In the sentence: "society owed it to the criminal to put into operation a punishment equal to the crime he had committed" the underlined part can be interpreted as: society__________ .
 A. was in debt to the criminal and must put him into operation as a punishment
 B. should consider punishment as something it must do so that the criminal can get paid back for his crime
 C. owed the criminal equality and must first show it in action
 D. owed an operation of equal crime to the criminal
36. The main difference between deserved-punishment and corrective justice is__________ .
 A. the latter is for non-punishment equality
 B. the latter hates "an eye for an eye" equality of punishment
C. the latter places the criminal's equal rights in life above everything else
 D. the latter focuses on both reforming the criminal and giving him new opportunities in society
37. Compared with the old justice concept, modern law as shown in this passage is__________ .
 A. less vengeful
B. less effective
 C. less just
D. less reasonable
第四节:写作(1题;满分10分)
38.以On Oil Price Increase为题,写一篇长为120一150词的小作文。
第三部分:英语课程与教学理论知识
说明:本部分测试考生对英语课程与教学理论知识的掌握情况,本部分共14小题,共40分,分为四节。第一节:单项选择题;第二节:填空题;第三节:简答题;第四节:论述题。
第一节:单项选择题(共5小题;每小题l分,满分5分)
39.按照基础阶段英语课程分级总体目标的要求,《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》对语言技能、语言知识、__________ 、学习策略和文化意识等五方面都提出了相应的、具体的标准和要求。
A.认知心理
B.基本原理
C.目标体系
D.情感态度
40.一般而言,中学英语单元教材可以分为三大系统,它们主次分明, __________是源,作业系统和图表系统是流,三者相辅相成。
A.非文本系统
B.主题系统
C.知识结构系统
D.文本符号系统
41.英语与汉语不尽相同,英语是__________ 。就英语阅读过程而言,阅读首先是个体把文字符号转换为语音码的过程;其次,英语语音与字母或字母组合有着相对的对应关系,其语音操作由语义潜势;其三,Baddeley的研究表明,语音是短时工作记忆的载体。
A.语言符号系统
B.音节文字系统
C.拼音文字系统
D.表意文字系统
42.Austin和Searle的理论是任务型教学研究的一个十分重要的理论来源。Searle认为,语言交际单位不是单词或句子等语言单位.而是__________。
A.语言行为
B.言语行为
C.文字符号
D.心理表征
43.There are two general rules for giving instructions;they must be kept as simple as possible,and they must be__________ .
A.109ical
B.feasible
C.authentic
D.natural
第二节:填空题(共5小题;每小题l分,满分5分)
44. Theory is __________ in the practice of language teaching. It reveals itself in the assumptions underlying practice, in the planning of a course of study, in the routines of the classroom, in the value judge ments about language teaching, and in the decisions that the language teacher has to make day by day.
45. The__________view of language sees language as a linguistic system made up of various subsystems: the sound system (phonology);the discrete units of meaning produced by sound combinations (morphology) ; and the system of combining units of meaning for communication (syntax).
46.__________learning emphasizes the task rather than the language in learning process.
47. PPP stands for Presentation, Practice and__________ . In PPP method classes or sequences, the teacher presents the context and situation for the language, and both explains and demonstrates the meaning and form of the new language. The students then practice making sentences before going on to another stage in which they talk or write more freely.
48. The __________theory of language learning was initiated by the psychologist Skinner, who applied Watson and Raynor's theory of conditioning to the way humans acquire languages.
第三节:简答题(共3小题;每小题5分,满分l5分)
49.英语教学设计既是一门艺术,又是一门科学。其设计过程的科学性应该体现在哪些方面?
50.什么是教学模式?请举典型例子说明。
51.为什么说英语语法教学是基于语法学习而存在的?
第四节:论述题(1题,满分15分)

52.论述英语阅读教学中生词量和语法难易度应如何控制,并举例说明。

 

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